A survey has been conducted in the three cities to investigate citizens’ perception of urban crime and their attitude in using ICT to improve safety in everyday life.
Key research findings have been identified that reveal risk factors associated with urban security, and how such risk factors may be employed for risk
assessment and prevention. The main findings is that a large proportion of all crime occurs at a few places, and only a few people account for a great amount of all criminal victimisations.
Places at risk for hosting crime are characterised by a high density of people, weak social cohesion, low socio-economic status among the residents, and located in innercity areas. The presence of alcohol outlets and public transportation nodes are also expected to increase the risk of crime. Men, young people (under 25), individuals with low socio-economic status, ethnic minorities, and single/divorced/widowed persons generally suffer from higher risks of victimisation. Tourists may also be at elevated risk for victimisation due to their often reckless behaviour in search for authentic experiences. Also, persons previously victimised are at higher risk for further victimisation.
The prevention efforts of City.Risks should be based on a situational approach, centred on reducing crime opportunities. This may include route planning for the safest route and information to individuals in order to modify their behaviour, but also provide information that makes people aware of the crime situation when visiting new areas and give people the opportunity to be connected in networks, to improve knowledge of their surroundings and increase the feel of safety. ( Read more )
City.Risks has elaborated six scenarios where the adoption of modern technologies can assist in addressing security threats. Emphasis has been laid on using citizen engagement in criminality detection and response, building communities to improve citizens’ perception of security and to reduce their fear of crime, and using citizens’ mobile devices and generated content as tools for gaining insights into security threats and for addressing them more effectively.
The following scenarios have been identified: theft of personal belongings, vehicle theft, information gathering and dissemination for ongoing events, tourists’ and women’s safety, citizen engagement, neighbourhood safety. Each of them have been analysed to produce a comprehensive set of technical requirements, both functional and non-functional, necessary for the development of the City.Risks technical solutions. ( Read more )